A weekly digest of the Parshat Hashavua – Download a PDF here
Parshat Ki Tetze
- Stone Chumash, p.1046, 110 Psukim
- Haftorah: Isaiah Ch.54 – “Roni Akara” Stone pg.1201
Important Shabbat Times
- Candle Lighting: 7:17p
- Latest Shema AM: 9:49a
- Earliest Mincha: 1:36p
- Havdalah: 8:13p
- Zoom Havdalah: 8:30p
- Pirkey Avot Chapters 1&2
Parshat Ki Tetzeh contains more Mitzvot than any other parsha in the Torah, weighing in at a grand total of 74 (out of 613) mitzvot. (Parshat Mishpatim comes in at second with 54 Mitzvot). To enumerate all of them would be beyond the scope of a summary, so we will concentrate on a few of the more famous ones.
Ki Tetze describes among other things: the law of not taking the chicks or eggs in the presence of the mother bird; the requirement to return lost items to the original owners; the mitzvah to perform burial as quickly as possible; the prohibition against extraditing a slave to his original owner outside the Land of Israel; the prohibition against charging interest on a loan; the laws of divorce; the laws of the “honeymoon” year; not to punish the sons for the sins of the fathers; to show favoritism toward widows, and orphans, but at the same time, not to judge them at court any differently than anybody else; the laws of levirate marriage; and finally, to never forget the actions of Amalek.
This week, we read the fifth in the series of Haftorahs of consolation taken from the book of Isaiah, but we also add the haftorah which we missed two weeks ago “Aniya Soara.” Zion is personified. She is finally completely consoled and is compared at the time of her redemption to a woman who was unable to conceive a child and now discovers herself pregnant. She is also compared to a woman whose husband had abandoned her, yet when he returns (at the time of redemption), all that will be forgotten by her, as a result of all the new attention which is showered upon her.
Dinim from the Parsha: The Get
A Jewish divorce may be initiated by either the husband or the wife, but must be written and transferred solely by the husband to the wife either directly or through his agent. Today the husband must personally appoint a scribe and witnesses, in the presence of a Rabbinical court (not via telephone, or skype), and declare that he wants them to initiate a divorce proceeding and that he does so for his sake, for his wife’s sake, and for the sake of a Jewish divorce (this declaration is referred to as “Lishma”). The Get is hand calligraphed by the scribe and he, too, must declare that he does this lishma.
The Get consists of twelve lines, or the numerical value of the word Get (interestingly, the letters gimmel and tet never appear together in the entire Tanach!). The Get describes the husband’s free will decision to divorce his wife, so that she be permitted to any man whomsoever she should desire, and no one may ever prevent her from doing so. The divorce is signed by two witnesses in Hebrew calligraphy, and they too, declare that they are signing the divorce lishma. The Get is then given into the husband’s hands in the presence of two witnesses. He then places the bill of divorce into the hands of his wife, or into the hands of his agent, or agents. In turn, the agent places the divorce into her hands in the presence of two witnesses. As soon as it reaches her hands, even if she be miles away, she is divorced from him, from that moment on.